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  haryanainfo.com About Hisar
Hisar city, previously spelled Hissar, is the administrative headquarters of Hisar district, in the state of Haryana, in northwestern India. It is located 164 kilometres to the west of New Delhi, capital of India. Hisar is India's largest galvanized iron manufacturing city. Due to presence of a large steel industry, it is also known as The City of Steel.

Hisar was founded in 1354 AD, as Hisar-e-Firoza by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. Firoz Shah also brought the waters of the Yamuna river here by means of canal. Ghaggarand Drishadvati rivers once used to flow through the city. Hisar has a continental climate, with very hot summers and relatively cool winters.
History of Hisar
The city has been inhabited by humans since pre-Harappan period as is visible from the excavations at Rakhigarhi, Siswal and Lohari Ragho. Later, Aryan people settled around Drsadvati River. The Jain Uttaradhayana Sutra mentions a town Isukara in the Kuru country which is believed to be the earlier name of Hisar . The kingdom of Hisar with its capital at Agroha possibly assisted Chandragupta Maurya in his war against the Greeks. It was then included in the Mauryan Empire as is suggested from the discovery of Ashokan pillars here. The city also later came under the Kushan Empire and the Gupta Empire.

It again came into prominence in 12th century under the rule of Prithviraj Chauhan when he made Hansi his capital and built a fort there. It remained an important strategic place for Chauhan Empire until Prithviraj was defeated in the Second Battle of Tarain by Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori.
Religions and Communities
Hindus constitute the bulk of population representing roughly 97% of the population followed by Muslims, Sikhs, Jains and Christians. Though originally the city had more Muslims than Hindus, most of them shifted to Pakistan during Partition of India.

Arya Samaj flourished in the city towards the close of 19th century. The Arya Samaj was established at Hisar in 1889 and Lala Lajpat Rai was a moving force in its establishment. The movement spread very fast and influenced the social and religious life of the district. The important social groups in the district are Jats, Bishnois, Brahmins, Sainis, Banias, Gujjars, Ahirs, Rajputs, Kumhars, Aroras, Chamars and Balmikis. Jat is the largest social group in the city. They are of two types, Deswalis and Bagris. Bishnois have migrated from Rajasthan. There are two sections of Brahmins in the district, i.e., Gaur and Khandelwal. Most of the Aroras are migrant from Pakistan after the partition of the country in 1947. Banias are divided into Aggarwals, Oswals and Maheshwaris. The Aggarwals are said to be the descendants of the inhabitants of Agroha. They hold Agroha in great reverence. Oswals and Maheshwaris trace their origin to the Rajputs of Rajasthan. The Gujjars of Hisar trace their origin to Rajasthan.
Media and Television
Doordarshan Kendra was set up in Hisar in 2002 which is the only Programme Production Center in Haryana. Besides Doordarshan channels, there are also a lot of other private channels operating in the city. A few local cable operators also broadcast their own channel such as SITI Channel. Direct To Home (DTH) services are provided by almost all the operators. Major national English language newspapers are Hindustan Times, The Economic Times, The Times of India and Indian Express whereas major Hindi dailies are Dainik Jagran, Dainik Bhaskar, Punjab Kesari, Hari Bhoomi, Amar Ujala, Navbharat Times and The Economic Times in Hindi. Nabh Chhor is a local evening newspaper published in the city.

An All India Radio station is also located at Hisar. Private FM stations operating in Hisar are BIG FM, Radio Mantra, Radio Dhamaal and Radio Tarang.

In 2011, CCS HAU started the first Community Radio Station of North India at 91.2 MHz for farming community.

Owner of Zee Network, Subhash Chandra is from Hisar. Actors Yashpal Sharma and Yash Tonk also belong to Hisar.

Education
Before British Raj, indigenous schools provided elementary education. Till 1892, the city had only one middle school. The first private school, CAV High School was set up by Arya Samaj in 1918. The first university that came into existence in Hisar was Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University in 1971. It is one of Asia's biggest agricultural university.Other universities located in the city are Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology and Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences. GJUST is first Indian government run institute providing Post Graduation in Printing Technology. Apart from universities there are some noted colleges providing education in Hisar such as Chajju Ram Memorial Jat College, Dayanand College, Fateh Chand College for Women and Govt. Post Graduate College; all established in the 1950s and 1960s. A lot of colleges have sprung up in 1990s and 2000s (decade). Maharaja Agrasen Medical College, situated at Agroha provides medical education. The city has a good number of private and government schools providing education.

Maharaja Agrasen Medical College at Agroha is a premier educational institute

A few agricultural and veterinary research centres are also situated in the city such as National Research Centre on Equines (the only one of its type in the country), Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Central Sheep Breeding Farm, National Institute on Pig Breeding and Research and Northern Region Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institute.

The important libraries in the city are Nehru Library, District Library, Gandhi Adhyan Kendra, Chatterjee Memorial Library, Sushila Bhawan Trust Library, Sanatan Dharam Library, Lala Lajpat Rai Municipal Library, Singh Sabha Library, Vivekanand Library, Bar Library and the Public Relation Information Centre at Mini-Secretariat. There is one museum in the city which is maintained by CCS HAU in its Gandhi Bhawan and exhibits evolution of agriculture and vanishing antiques.
Particulars Description
Area 215 metres (705 ft)
Population (2011) 301,249
Density 155 /km2 (401 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30
Literacy 81.04%
Sex Ratio 844
For More Information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hisar
 
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